Replacing Rotten Roof Eaves

Over time, exposure to the elements and damage caused by certain animals (which build their nests in this area) can cause the eaves of your house (te edges that protrude from the roof) to lose their attractiveness and structural strength. Fortunately, repairing rotten or worn eaves is a relatively simple project that you can do on your own without needing to climb on the roof. You should start by separating the bottom and sides of the old eaves and cutting the new materials to match. Apply a sturdy, waterproof coating on new parts, and then secure them with stainless steel nails. Lastly, seal the cracks with putty to keep water, squirrels, bugs, and other destructive intruders away from the roof forever.

Remove damaged materials

Remove the gutters and flashing, if necessary. For you to have clear access to the eaves, you must first separate the drainage structures that covers them. Unscrew the gutters on the supports. Then, remove the nails that hold them in place and carefully lower them. You should do the same with the flashing in the areas where it overlaps with the eave’s edges.

Place a ladder on a flat area directly below the gutter section you are going to remove and ask a friend to help you stabilize it while you work.

If you have a larger project, consider renting and assembling a full scaffold around the roof. Also, it is much safer to work on a scaffold, as it does not require additional support assistance.

Extract the tiles . You need to position yourself in a corner of the roof and insert a crowbar into the narrow space at the top of the tile mold (the thin strip of wood just below the tiles). Push the tile away from the roof a few inches at a time. Then, lift the entire piece into one section. You can keep the old tile pan if it appears to be in good shape for later reuse.

  • If you are having trouble removing the tile molds from the shingles, try marking the top and bottom edges with a razor.
  • Be careful not to damage them when removing with the lever.

Remove the rotten girdle. Once you have removed the mold from the tiles, you can simply work the band (the vertical planks that frame the outside of the eaves) by hand. Due to their state of deterioration, they should come off easily. Please do not discard the old belt for now, as it will be useful for cutting replacement materials.

  • Use the lever to loosen the sections that have jammed.
  • Keep a large trash can or similar container nearby to dispose of all rotting roof materials once the project is complete.

Remove the old eave cover. This element is the wide horizontal board that encloses the bottom of the eaves. Like the girdle, a rotten cover will be soft enough that you can remove it by hand. Take the exposed edge of the board and pull it down firmly to remove it.

  • Do not be surprised if the cover breaks as you try to free it. Often water-saturated boards will be prone to crumbling.
  • You must be careful when removing the old cover. It is not uncommon for birds, squirrels, and insects (such as bees and termites) to build their nests behind these enclosures.

Cut rotted or damaged beams. Examine the condition of the thick beam that runs along the eaves. If it is in good condition, you can leave it in place and install the new materials around it. If it shows signs of decomposition, water damage or other wear, you should cut it with a reciprocating saw.

  • To facilitate the extraction process, you should cut the beam into sections of 1 to 2 feet (30 to 60 cm). Then you must pause to extract each section individually.
  • If the eaves are supported by multiple joists, you should remove and replace them one at a time to avoid damaging the stability of the roof.

Gather your supplies for the new eaves. Go to a local home improvement center and buy boards to replace the worn cover and sash. It is important that the new boards match the old ones in terms of width and thickness. You can cut them to the correct length later. Also, you can take a small section of the old materials for reference.

  • In addition to wood, you have the option of choosing a cellular PVC, cement fiber, aluminum, or galvanized steel material for the new eaves. These materials are considered stronger and more durable in the open air than ordinary boards.
  • Make sure you also get enough pressure-treated lumber to make new beams and molds, if necessary.

Cut the new wood to make the joists if necessary. If you need to replace the supports, you must cut the new beam to match the old one. Remember to use only pressure-treated wood for the beams, as it is much better resistant to humidity and tension.

Install the new beams. Attach the replacement beam to the wood board with a clamp on the back of the eave enclosure to hold it in place. Secure the beam with 4-inch (10 cm) wood screws. Once you have successfully replaced one beam, you can safely begin removing the next one.

  • Because beams are a critical part of the eaves support structure, you need to make sure they are in good condition before you begin installing new components for the eaves.
  • Press the newly installed beam to verify that it is solid and secure before continuing.

Cut the new cover. Use a section of the rotten cover as a template and cut the replacement material to the correct size. You can carry out this procedure with a handsaw, although with a circular saw or a fixed saw you will get more precise and efficient results. Ideally, the deck should consist of only 1 or 2 boards to minimize leaks.

  • If you don’t have enough of the deck intact for you to use as a template, you should measure the bottom of the eaves from one side of the house to the other and mark the dimensions on the new board.
  • You must use as few pieces as possible to form the cover so that water, insects, and other destructive forces are less likely to enter the eaves.

Cut the replacement girdle. Trim the sash panels to the correct length in the same way you did the cover. Be sure to cut the edges where the boards meet at opposite 45-degree angles to fit properly.

  • If the eaves of the house feature unique projections or angles, these features may need to be measured and marked on the girdle board before cutting to confirm that everything is aligned as expected.
  • Some materials (such as aluminum or steel) may need to be measured and cut in-store by a home improvement specialist before you take them home.

Install and protect new materials

Apply a coat of weatherproof sealer to the wood strip and decks. Before you put the new roof components in place, you need to make sure they can stand the test of time. The best way to do this is to treat these details with a wax or resin finish. Apply the sealant to both sides of the materials. Then let it sit until they feel dry to the touch.

  • It should only take 1-2 hours for the sealer to dry until a functional finish is achieved.
  • Once applied, the sealant will help repel moisture, mold, dirt, and other problems, preventing wood from decomposing later.

Attach the new cover. Align the deck board with the underside of the eave so that its edges line up with the beam. Then, nail it in place. If you want a stronger grip, you can put a nail every 10 or 15 cm (4 or 6 inches).

  • The 4 cm (1.5 inch) wood screws are also considered strong enough for this job.
  • You can ask a friend to hold the board in place while you nail it.

Apply putty around the edges of the cover. Use a caulking gun to fill in any gaps or cracks you find on the new deck. In this way, you will provide greater protection against water and insect related damage. Let the filling harden before modifying the cover in any way.

  • You can also use roof cement or wood filler instead of the traditional sealer.

Tips

  • You should invest in high-quality, durable construction materials to ensure that new eaves last longer.
  • Before you go to the trouble of repairing the eaves, you should make sure you have thoroughly inspected the roof and resolved the cause of leaks and other damage. Otherwise, it won’t be long before the same problems occur with new materials.
  • If you have questions about your ability to install any of the new roof components on your own, you can find a professional contractor. This type of repair tends to be relatively inexpensive and generally only requires one day of work.

Warnings

  • You should always take proper safety precautions every time you operate chainsaws and other power tools.
  • If you discover large insect nests or hives while replacing the eaves of the house, you should call a pest control specialist.

Ten Low Price Home Decorating Ideas

Deco Tips and Tricks

From the bathroom, to the kitchen to smaller rooms such as hallways and entrances, décor is everywhere in the house. Is your decor budget smaller than you’d like it to be?  With these ten solutions, you can bring a touch of fast and cheap decor in all spaces.

Deco idea at a low price: Repainting furniture

Want to change the mood in a room, a kitchen or create a corner office for teens? If you do not have the budget to invest in new accessories, why not just repaint them? There are now many specialized paints for this type of project. Match your old bed to the new painting of your room or completely transform a kitchen … from the entrance to the garage everything can be painted! The only limit is your creativity (and your level of resourcefulness with brushes!)

Small price deco idea: Energize with color

To stay in the mindset of painting, nothing is easier and less expensive than to energize a wall with a beautiful hue. Repainting a credenza, headboard, window frames, a fireplace mantel or any other architectural element of the house can quickly bring a touch of fresh and contemporary decor. Provided you know how to combine the colors and perform a neat job.

Deco idea at a low price: Opt for plants

To add Zen and natural decor at a low price, think of plants! Garden specialists also offer indoor plants and associated decorative accessories. Pots, glass jars, hanging baskets: many possibilities exist to really stage your plants in your home. This is a particularly cheap decorating idea that can be done in all the rooms, from the living room to the bathroom!

Deco idea at a low price: Change blinds and curtains

Changing the cladding of your windows is a good way to quickly transform the mood of a room. Changing old curtains for designer blinds in a bedroom or living room can sometimes be enough to give a modern touch to your interior for a reasonable budget. Especially as the economic decoration can add to substantial savings on your energy bill.

Deco idea at a low price: Change your lights

To give a touch of contemporary decor, change your lights! Lamp shades, pendent lights, sconces and even the light bulbs themselves offer more design solutions to delicately highlight your home decor. The trend of the moment to test: the copper effect to integrate for example in a kitchen or bathroom design.

Small price deco idea: Changing sink in the bathroom

To cheaply give a new look to a bathroom, consider replacing your old wsink or an older model with a designer one. Previously reserved for the luxury bathroom, there are now designer sinks at attractive prices. A deco idea that does not involve big jobs or big fees.

Deco idea at a low price: Put up trendy wallpaper

Economic alternative, wallpaper can be an interesting option to revisit the decoration of your spaces. Manufacturers are offering more and more material effects and imitations of textures right now.  Last trend identified: wallpaper that imitates cement tile, an option certainly more economical than authentic tiles.

Deco idea at a low price: Put a soft floor trend

Replacing a slightly dated floor can bring an interior decor up to date in a flash. If you do not have a high budget to install waxed concrete or solid parquet, go for soft floors! Resistant and easy to install, they now offer a range of materials, from wood to concrete to cement tiles. All for a much lower budget, but without loss of style!

Deco idea at a low price: Bet on accessories!

Betting on accessories to highlight small jobs is a winning combination of a successful interior design. Target some essential elements: cushions, throws, vases, etc… And add them in style. The major decoration companies offer collections according to trend themes: Scandinavian, jungle, girly, graphic …

Deco idea at a low price: Boost a kitchen credenza

Quick and cheap tip to give a facelift to your kitchen: redesign and modernize the credence. A small decorating improvement that’s fast and can be implemented without redoing everything in the kitchen. Many DIY stores offer tiled styles at reasonable prices. Why deprive yourself?

Five Ways to Make Your Home More Attractive to Buyers

If you are selling your home, there’s a good chance you’re also buying a home. You may even have started looking at houses. As a seller, this gives you an excellent opportunity to put yourself in the buyer’s shoes and pay attention to how you assess your potential new home.

Every buyer goes through the process of searching for and viewing many homes, carefully critiquing each one and eventually getting that one “This is it!” feeling. There may be a lot of properties out there, so how do you make your home more attractive to buyers?

Maximize open space

Take a look at your living area. Are chairs, tables and sofas very close together? Is there enough room to walk around and through the space? You may be able to maximize your square footage by rearranging the furniture or even removing a few pieces.

Let in the light

Go ahead and open shades and curtains and let the sun do the rest. If you have a room that doesn’t get much light, strategically place mirrors to reflect the windows to help brighten up a space. If you have an unattractive view out of any of the windows, consider buying inexpensive slatted blinds that allow light in while minimizing the view.

Curate personal items

A lot of professionals tell you to remove your knick-knacks and photos. While no one wants to step over your collection of hand-woven baskets or feel like they’re walking into a doll museum, some family photos might help buyers envision their own family living there.

Clean the bathroom

Think of how you feel when you walk into someone’s cluttered, untidy bathroom. It can be uncomfortable or even a huge turn-off. Clean off the counters, hang fresh towels, wash or replace a dinghy shower curtain and put all personal care items away. It’s hard for a buyer to envision herself getting ready in the morning when surrounded by someone else’s mess.

Lastly, go away

If you’re living in your home while you’re selling, make sure to set appointments at times when you can be out of the house. You may think you’re helping to sell your home by accompanying potential buyers on their walk-through and showcasing all your personal touches – you’re not. Let the buyers have their space; they want the opportunity to critique what they see because that means they have ideas for the home. Don’t take it personally! The ideas mean they see the home’s potential.

When you see your home through a buyer’s eyes, it helps you maximize its appeal. And that means a quicker sale at an attractive price. So, it’s worth the time and thought to make a few changes to boost your home’s sale value.

Seven Tips for Hiring a Plumber

If a water problem suddenly pops up in your house, then you have to call a plumber to restore order to your home. This can be a problem, especially during times when money is tight. It can be really frustrating and stressful when something breaks unexpectedly. What are some pearls of wisdom you need to know about hiring a plumber? Here we take a look at the seven useful tips to call in an expert repairman.

First of all, always get recommendations and referrals from others. Talk to your loved ones, your friends, your co-workers, and neighbors for references.  You should have no difficulty in finding some recommended plumbing repair companies and others you should stay away from.

Secondly, when you call someone to repair your plumbing system, provide as many details as possible about the circumstances you find yourself in. Tell them where the leak is in your home and describe the type of pipes it’s coming from if you know.

Third, find out if the plumber charges for the time it takes to travel to your home. Some experts charge their clients once they arrive and enter their homes; while others charge from the moment they get into their cars or trucks to drive to the residence. You need to know if the trip will be billed or not, as this will account for your decision of whom to hire.

The fourth tip is to know beforehand if the plumber will have the necessary parts on hand when he arrives. Are you going to have all the supplies you need or are you going to have to take one (or more) trips to the local hardware store? If he has to go shopping after he shows up, is he going to be charging for those extra trips to the store?

The fifth thing to consider is whether there will be a minimum charge for services rendered. There are some contractors who charge a minimal fee to their customers (eg, 30 minutes or 60 minutes), while others do not.

The sixth tip is to find out what credentials the plumber has. Ask the person how long they have been employed in this line of work and ask about their training. You should also ask if they have any accreditations.

Knowing these things should play a part in the decision. The seventh word of  advice is to find out if the contractor has insurance and if he does  find out how much insurance he carries.

How To Paint A Small Kitchen

Paint cannot increase the amount of space to work or the storage of your small kitchen, however, by selecting specific colors and paint finish, you’ll give the small area a greater sense of space without spending a fortune. A clearer and brighter environment will also be more pleasant to work in when preparing food, and will be more attractive in the early morning, when preparing the first important cup of coffee.

Instructions

Choose colors and paint finishes. A white or cream ceiling immediately gives more height to the kitchen. To promote the feeling of space, choose colors that make the walls visually recede. Sherwin Williams paint manufacturers suggest blue, green and violet as examples of colors that have that effect. A semi matte, satin or latex finish are suitable for walls and ceilings in a kitchen as they are easily washable. However, semi matte requires more scrubbing. Use oil paint on wood trim as it provides a tough, durable and washable finish.

Remove all things from work surfaces in the kitchen. Cover with plastic protective sheets to prevent staining with paint. Open the doors of the kitchen cabinets. Hang sheets of protective plastic over them and cover the front of the cabinets, then close the doors. This will keep in place while you paint. Cover the floor with a protective cloth, and protect all edges of the enclosed areas you are going to paint with masking tape.

Clean the walls and moldings that are going to paint using a brush, then wash every surface with a solution of warm water and mild detergent, using a sponge mop and clean rags. Rinse thoroughly with clean water and let the surfaces dry completely. Control holes and cracks. If you find them, apply caulk with a putty knife. Allow the putty to dry, then gently sand it flush with the rest of the surface. Wipe again to remove all sanding dust.

Apply a coat of primer to the walls and ceiling. Paint around the edges using a small brush, then use the roller in larger areas. Apply oil based paint to the molding. Let everything dry before applying a second coat of primer.

Apply the first coat of paint to the surfaces of the kitchen in the following order: ceiling, walls and molding. Again, paint using a small brush, and use a roller to apply the paint in larger areas. Use a brush for trim. Allow the paint to dry and apply a second coat, using exactly the same method.

Remove paint from brushes and rollers. Latex is washed under running water. Oil paint is removed with a brush cleaner, such as acetone. Wash brushes and rollers with warm soapy water and rinse. Let them air dry before storing. Remove all protective coverings from the kitchen once the paint has dried completely.

How to Paint an Oven with Heat Resistant Paint

When you are looking for ways to rejuvenate the kitchen, it is not always possible to purchase new equipment. Fortunately, an alternative to buying a new appliance, such as an oven, so it looks new and vibrant again, is a coat of paint. However, you cannot paint with just any paint. You have to use a heat resistant paint, which is generally epoxy based. With the correct preparation and application techniques, you can paint an oven with heat – resistant paint and rejuvenate any kitchen.

Instructions

  1. Clean the entire surface of the oven. Scrub it to remove grease and dust and filth. In most cases you should clean the surface of the oven with a sponge (or cloth) and a mixture of soap and water. For a more thorough cleaning, use a scrub brush or stiff bristle stainless steel pad. If your oven is painted, gently rub the surface with sandpaper and then clean any dirt with a damp cloth.
  2. Remove the electric coils and covers, and other parts of the oven which can’t be readily removed and that you do not want paint. Use painter’s tape to mask areas you do not want to paint, such as door handles.
  3. Apply heat-resistant paint with a brush. Follow the specific label instructions on how many layers should be applied and the drying time. Let the paint dry.
  4. Open the windows to provide good air circulation and ventilation when you use the oven for the first time after you’ve painted. Your oven may give off mild vapors or light smoke the first few times you use it. This should not happen more than the first few times the oven is used, but open the windows on these occasions so that the air remains safe.

Tips & Warnings

  • Start with the painting process when the oven is completely cool. Ideally, the surface temperature of the oven should be about 60 ° F (15 ° C) or at room temperature.

Decorating Open Kitchen Shelves

Open shelves that are generally in kitchens allow viewing of decorative items. Garnish open shelves in your kitchen to set the color outline, theme and style of the room, in addition to use as storage of any need you may have.

Instructions

  1. Paint the shelves to contrast with the walls or add an pop of color.
  2. Decorate the space behind racks. Place fabric or wallpaper behind the shelving to complement the color of the walls or cabinets. Or you can hang decorative plates on the wall to serve as decoration. Use plate racks or removable putty to hold them in place.
  3. Arrange the dishes as you would if they were in closed cabinets. Use one color or the colors of your kitchen to create a natural look. For example, using plates covered with red, green and cream with an apple in the center if your kitchen is decorated with red and green.
  4. Hang cups with hooks on the bottom of the open shelves, if they work with your decor and style.
  5. Put the occasionally used baking supplies or utensils in containers or baskets. Store sugar, flour and other items commonly used in transparent containers or colored, depending on your preference.
  6. Arrange the decorative elements on open shelves, if you do not want to show your dishes. For example, add a vase, plants, baskets, containers or ornaments.

Tips & Warnings

Add lights to the shelves if they contain decorative elements you want to highlight.

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Hanging Heavy Objects on a Wall

Sometimes a task at first glance is easy, like hanging an object on the wall of a room, but can become complicated if you’re not sure how. Hanging, for example, a large mirror can become a problem, because it can fall when least expected and cause damage to the person who is looking in it or passing by it.

For this reason, you should make sure that the system for hanging heavy objects hold perfectly throughout, not just in the moment but for many years. For objects that are particularly heavy, such as large murals or mirrors, can be hung in an effective, simple and durable way by using special fittings for hangings.

Types of Hardware

Such grips are metal and may even support up to ninety pounds of weight, and even more. They consist of two distinct parts. One goes into the wall and secures with four resistant screws and anchors. The other part has a projection which is screwed to the object with four screws. You must use two sets of hardware of this style, one on each side of the mirror or object you want to hang, and then engage the projection in the slot.

To perform this task, you need the help of another person in order to avoid accidents. If you want to get extra strength on the walls, use wall anchors. These can be of many types. Some are standard, that hold a lot of weight and are designed for hollow walls and false ceilings. They also can come in metal and plastic. For plaster walls, there are special bolts that can be used.

Doing a Water Damage Assessment

Incorrect water damage assessment to any material such as wood or drywall (plasterboard) or even water susceptible metal may lead to unforeseen consequences which include underestimating the damage or failing to recognize the damage, which can cause more damage. For example, if you under report the damages, an insurance company will restrict you. If it does not recognize damage, damaged wood or material can lead to further wet rot that you may not fully recognize until much later. An accurate water damage assessment increases the likelihood that your insurance company will pay you properly, and insures you can repair or replace the damaged material.

Instructions

  1. Allow materials and structures to completely dry. Drying reveals damage to the material.
  2. Examine the surfaces of wood, walls or even “water deformation” ceilings including blistering, swelling or fraying. Blister formation consists of bubbles or raised pockets of material such as paint, plaster or laminate where the surface material actually pulls away or elevates the underlying layers. Swelling is made up of solid materials that are swollen with water, then keep a swollen look once dried and frayed consists of fibrous edges where grains of wood cloth or other material become soaked.
  3. Check floor panels, ceiling panels or walls of visual signs of secondary structural stress such as buckling of adjacent sections, bowing of individual sections or corner compression. Buckling occurs as a consequence of swelling and consists of one or more swollen structures pressing against each other until one slips or causes the material to curve (bow). Corner compression also produces inflammation and consists of wrinkled corners mashed or compressed between two adjacent panels.
  4. Inspect any exposed metal surfaces for oxidation that appears as red powder or brick color, indicating elemental iron deposits.
  5. Look for erosion on surfaces or even on the ground around foundations or landscaped areas such as stone paths. Erosion on the tiles consists of bits of washed sand, so the asphalt tile appears as smooth as a worn tire. Erosion messages around the foundation of your home or around patio or stone walkways can appear as pockets or holes in areas once filled with dirt and these holes are deepened with additional rain or leaking that removes dirt.
  6. Inspect walls, ceilings, and floors for stains. These spots will appear as wet pockets when all has dried. These stains indicate water has penetrated into the structure and could have caused wet rot or mold.
  7. Examine garage floors or concrete basement walls for filtration indicates internal cracks where water was collected. These inner water bags can create pressure and cause surface cracks.
  8. Inspect garage floors or concrete basement walls for cracks resulting from changes in ground due to rain. These cracks let the water flow freely in a room or even on a floor, creating more damage.

Unclogging an Air Conditioner Drain

Your air conditioner is equipped with a drain line that sends water from the unit to the outside. This line should cleaned on a regular basis or it can get clogged with algae and mold. When it does, you are in danger of getting water damage around the unit and damage to the line and unit itself.

Instructions

  1. Unplug the air conditioner. Disconnect the power to the air conditioning unit. This is always recommended when working on appliances.
  2. Take off the filter at the end of the outside drain line. Otherwise, the filter will be damaged.
  3. Place the end of a wet-dry vacuum over the end of the drain line.
  4. Wrap a cloth around where the vacuum and drainage are located. Wrap your hand around it to make a firm connection. Turn on the vacuum for about five seconds so it can suck the debris causing the blockage.

Tips and warnings

  • Pour 1 cup of bleach in the line each spring. This reduces the possibility of it becoming clogged.