Hipped roofs have surfaces that descend to the four sides of a house. Typically, the design incorporates a peak on top of the roof, where all four sides, two rectangular and two triangular meet. Hipped roofs have certain advantages over other types of roofs, although they are usually more expensive.
A hipped roof has greater strength and durability than gabled roofs due to the method of their construction, according to the book “Framing Roofs” and “Fine Homebuilding”. Unlike other types of roofs, the structure provides resistant pitched roofs with the ability to better withstand natural disasters, such as earthquakes. Hipped roofs also work well against strong winds due to its aerodynamic design, which can prevent the loss of shingles during windstorms.
Another positive aspect of the hipped roofs arises from the symmetry of the design. Unlike gabled, hipped roofs do not have vertical edges, they have eaves around the perimeter of the house. Eaves play an important role in protecting the home against inclement weather, prevent rain from hitting the sides and protecting the home from ultraviolet solar radiation. The presence of the eaves allows owners to put gutters around the perimeter of the house.
Some owners choose a hipped design for aesthetic reasons and prefer the smooth, compact appearance of a hipped roof over other styles. The hipped roof works particularly well in houses built close to the ground, such as ranch houses. A variant, called pyramidal hipped roof, does not have a summit; It joins the triangular slope at a single point at the top. The pyramidal variant, whose design is visually pleasing, works well in small houses and bungalows or cottages.
Two types of pitched roofs have been popular in the past. The mansard roof, often built in the late nineteenth century, consists of two sections separated in the hipped roof. The extra section provides space for the owner to add another floor. Another type of gable roof that, unlike the mansard roof, has a flat section at the base of the roof was built in some homes in the Mississippi Valley in the nineteenth century. The roof design helped create wrap around porches.